2017年第二期 目录介绍

  CONTENTS 目录


  专题——文物科技与保护


  明代定陵万历墓出土三件玉带钩的比较研究

  赵瑞廷/于平/宋磊/高尚武

  Study on the Three Jade Belt Hooks Excavated from Wanli Emperor’s Tomb of Ding Mausoleum in the Ming Dynasty

  Zhao Ruiting, Yu Ping, Song Lei & Gao Shangwu


  山东青州龙兴寺佛造像发髻彩绘材料研究

  李倩倩/周麟麟/魏书亚/马清林

  Study on the Materials of the Paintings on the Head of Buddha Statue Excavated from Longxing Temple in Qingzhou, Shandong, China

  Li Qianqian, Zhou Linlin, Wei Shuya & Ma Qinglin


  海洋出水石雕文物的病害特征及处理

  包春磊/刘爱虹/贾世杰/符燕

  Protection and Disease Characteristic of the Underwater Stone Carving Relics

  Bao Chunlei, Liu Aihong, Jia Shijie & Fu Yan


  理论研究


  近三十年来新中国初期博物馆史的研究

  徐 玲

  The Overview on Studies of the History of Museums in the Initial Stage of the People’s Republic of China in Recent Thirty Years

  Xu Ling


  近三十年中国博物馆教育研究主题演化分析

  刘迪/刘君杰/周沫/张发亮

  Analysis of the Theme Evolution of Chinese Museum Education Research in Recent Thirty Years

  Liu Di, Liu Junjie, Zhou Mo & Zhang Faliang


  表征民族——中国生态博物馆运动的早期实践

  尹 凯

  The Representation of Ethnic Minorities: Early Practice ofChinese Eco-museum Activities

  Yin Kai


  一个理想的参与型博物馆——以英国惠康典藏为例

  秦 晴

  An Ideal Participatory Museum: Taking Wellcome Collection, London as an Enlightenment

  Qin Qing


  全球化视角诠释下的世界史——“100件文物中的世界史”的一个面向

  闫 志

  World History from the Perspective of Globalization: One Aspect of the AHWO

  Yan Zhi


  博物馆展示多元设计发想

  林仲一

  Creative Thinking in the Multidimensional Design of Exhibitions in Museums

  Lin Zhongyi


  试论乐器类文物的声音展示

  曹 捷

  The Sound Exhibition of Musical Relics

  Cao Jie


  博物馆实践


  中小博物馆的战略逆袭

  关战修

  The Strategic Development for Small and Middle Sized Museums

  Guan Zhanxiu


  国内博物馆网站藏品类目设置调查与探讨

  杨晓燕

  Inquiry and Research on the Setting of Museum Collection on the Website

  Yang Xiaoyan


  故宫博物院文物修复管理系统的设计与实现

  石秀敏/蒋步云

  Design and Implementation of the Palace Museum’s Relic Restoration Management System

  Shi Xiumin & Jiang Buyun


  数字化时代汝窑瓷器的摄影方法与技巧

  李 凡

  Photography Method and Technique of Ru Ware Porcelain in Digita l Era

  Li Fan


  展评


  教育即生活——观首都博物馆“读城——追寻历史上的北京城池”展

  商晨雯

  Education is Life Itself: The Review on“Exploring Beijing’s City Walls and Moats in History”

  Shang Chenwen


  将设计理念付诸展览实践——北京大学赛克勒考古与艺术博物馆“看见桃花源”展览回顾

  王思渝

  From Design Idea to Curation Practice: The Review on the Exhibition “Encounter the Dreaming Land”in Auther M Sackler’s Museum of Art and Archaeology at Peking University

  Wang Siyu

内容介绍


明代定陵万历墓出土三件玉带钩的比较研究

Study on the Three Jade Belt Hooks Excavated from

Wanli Emperor’s Tomb of Ding Mausoleum in the Ming Dynasty

  赵瑞廷1 于平2 宋磊3 高尚武3

  Zhao Ruiting1 Yu Ping2 Song Lei3 Gao Shangwu3

  (1. 首都博物馆,北京,100045;2. 北京市文物局,北京,100007;3. 十三陵特区定陵管理处,北京,102213)

  (1. Capital Museum, Beijing, 100045; 2. Beijing Municipal Administration of Cultural Heritage, Beijing, 100007;3. Ding Mausoleum Management Office of Ming Dynasty Tombs, Beijing, 102213)


  内容提要:明代定陵万历墓出土玉器文物属于皇家器物,在明代玉器文化中占有重要地位。万历皇帝棺内出土的三件玉带钩,在器物形制,宝、玉石矿物学材质,金属合金成分以及器物加工工艺(包括器形、纹饰)等方面,既相区别又有相近之处。三件器物的对比研究,反映出明代皇家同类器物(同属玉带钩)所蕴含文化、技术等方面的多样性以及同一时代同类器物所具有的共同特点。本研究首次利用体视显微镜、三维视频显微镜、X射线荧光能谱仪、激光拉曼光谱仪等无损科技检测设备,结合相关史料,对器物开展综合研究。


  关键词:定陵万历墓 玉带钩 显微镜 X射线荧光能谱仪 激光拉曼光谱仪

Abstract: Jade articles excavated from Wanli Emperor's Tomb are important in Chinese jade culture. They are royal appliance in the Ming Dynasty. Three jade belt hooks are same in some respects but different in other respects, such as the shape, mineralogical materials, alloy composition and processing technology, etc. The comparative study of three jade belt hooks can be discovered diversity and common features of culture or technology about the same royal appliance in the Ming Dynasty. The study use the historical reference material and the no damage technological devices like the microscope, XRF, laser Raman spectrometer, etc.Key Words: Wanli Emperor’s Tomb of Ding Mausoleum; jade belt hooks; the microscope XRF; laser Raman spectrometer


山东青州龙兴寺佛造像发髻彩绘材料研究

Study on the Materials of the Paintings on the Head of

Buddha Statue Excavated from Longxing Temple in Qingzhou, Shandong, China


  李倩倩1 周麟麟2 魏书亚1 马清林3

  Li Qianqian1 Zhou Linlin2 Wei Shuya1 Ma Qinglin3

  (1. 北京科技大学科技史和文化遗产研究院,北京,100083;2. 青州市博物馆,青州,262500;3. 中国文化遗产研究院, 北京,100029)

  (1. Academy of History of Science & Technology and Cultural Heritage, University of Science and Technology Beijing,Beijing, 100083; 2. Qingzhou Municipal Museum, Qingzhou, 262500; 3. Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage, Beijing,100029 )


  内容提要:佛教文物彩绘蕴含着丰富的科技、文化、宗教信仰等信息,是古代文明的重要组成部分,利用多种科技分析技术开展研究,可以很好地揭示其历史、科学、艺术价值,同时为保护修复工作提供基本依据。山东青州龙兴寺彩绘佛造像由于历史原因和埋藏环境因素作用,大部分彩绘已经脱落。本文通过观察出土佛像的情况,结合相关史料,利用三维视频显微镜、偏光显微镜、拉曼光谱、扫描电子显微镜与能谱仪等分析了山东青州龙兴寺北齐时期的一尊佛首发髻的彩绘脱落样品,发现蓝色颜料为青金石{(Na,Ca)7- 8 (Al, Si)12 (O, S)24[SO4,Cl2(OH)2]}和石青[2CuCO3·Cu(OH)2]、绿色颜料为石绿[CuCO3·Cu(OH)2]、黑色颜料为墨( C ),佛首发髻经历过重妆。


  关键词:山东青州龙兴寺 佛造像 北齐 发髻彩绘 重妆

Abstract: The painted Buddha statues excavated from Longxing Temple in Qingzhou, Shandong province are highly valued for its scientific, artistic and conventional religious information. In history, some precious statues were probably repainted, some were damaged in the special period of time. It is very interesting that the painting on the head of a Buddha statue (Northern Qi Dynasty) is in different colors, including black, green and blue. Why the head of the Buddha statue was painted in different colors? Is it caused by repainting or color changing during the long time of history? In order to answer these questions, techniques of three-dimensional video microscopy, polarized light microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometer instrument were employed to analyze the painting samples from the head of the Buddha statue. The result shows that the statue was repainted at least once. The blue color consists lapis lazuli {(Na,Ca)7-8(Al,Si)12(O,S)24[SO4, Cl2(OH)2]} and azurite[2CuCO3·Cu(OH)2], the green pigment is malachite[CuCO3·Cu(OH)2], while the black pigment is Chinese ink.

Key Words: Longxing Temple in Qingzhou; painted sculptures; the Northern Qi Dynasty; hair painted; repainted




海洋出水石雕文物的病害特征及处理

Protection and Disease Characteristic of the Underwater Stone Carving Relics


  包春磊 刘爱虹 贾世杰 符 燕

  Bao Chunlei Liu Aihong Jia Shijie Fu Yan

  (海南省博物馆,海口,570203)

  ( Hainan Museum, Haikou, 570203 )


  内容提要:西沙群岛出水的数十件石雕文物目前存放在海南省博物馆,这些文物出水时表面附着了厚厚的结垢物和海洋生物遗骸,出水后又放置了近二十年,其表面部分存在生物侵袭、腐蚀酥松和污垢等病害。本文研究了这些海洋出水石雕文物的保存现状、病害的种类、清洗保护方法。


  关键词:西沙群岛 出水石雕文物 病害特征 保护处理

Abstract: The dozens of underwater stone relics preserved in Hainan Museum are exquisite carvings with strong traditional Chinese style. These stone relics with lots of salt have been soaked for hundreds of years in the ocean, and thick deposition and marine remains are attached to their surface. Biological contaminants, corrosion, dirt and other diseases exist in the surface. The conservation situation, disease characteristics, protection and cleaning of the stone relics are discussed in this paper.

Key Words: Xisha islands; underwater stone relics; disease characteristic; protective treatment